Product: 6070d517-88d3-43cd-a7b5-3a7e5e56a2a4

Metadata Format
Product Title
Active Layer Thickness 2000-2009
Description
Simulated active layer thickness (ALT) in meters averaged across 2000 - 2009.
Project ID
40a3ccfc-84df-4103-ac83-bc950099e8ed
Project Title
Integrated Ecosystem Model (AIEM) for Alaska and Northwest Canada
Point of Contact(s)
LCC Network Data Steward
LCC Network Data Manager
lccdatasteward@fws.gov
Arctic Landscape Conservation Cooperative
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
1011 E. Tudor Rd
Anchorage, Alaska 99503
V: +1 907 7863532
staff@arcticlcc.org
http://arcticlcc.org
Arctic Landscape Conservation Cooperative
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
1011 E. Tudor Rd
Anchorage, Alaska 99503
V: +1 907 7863532
staff@arcticlcc.org
http://arcticlcc.org

Product Abstract

This raster, created in 2010, is output from the Geophysical Institute Permafrost Lab (GIPL) model and represents simulated active layer thickness (ALT) in meters averaged across a decade. The file name specifies the decade the raster represents. For example, a file named ALT_1980_1989.tif represents the decade spanning 1980-1989. Cell values represent simulated maximum depth (in meters) of thaw penetration (for areas with permafrost) or frost penetration (for areas without permafrost). If the value of the cell is positive, the area is underlain by permafrost and the cell value specifies the depth of the seasonally thawing layer above permafrost. If the value of the cell is negative, the ground is only seasonally frozen and the cell value specifies the depth of seasonal frost. The raster covers the entire state of Alaska and has a spatial resolution of 2 x 2km. These data were generated by forcing the GIPL model with a composite of five GCM model outputs (ECHAM5, GFLD21, MIROC, HADLEY and CCCMA) for the A1B emissions scenario.

Purpose: The Geophysical Institute Permafrost Lab (GIPL) model was developed specifically to assess the effect of a changing climate on permafrost. The GIPL 1.0 model is a quasi-transitional, spatially distributed, equilibrium model for calculating the active layer thickness and mean annual ground temperature. The GIPL-1 model accounts effectively for the effects of snow cover, vegetation, soil moisture, and soil thermal properties. The GIPL-1 model allows for the calculation of maximum active layer thickness (ALT) and mean annual ground temperatures (MAGT) at the bottom of the active layer. The approach to determine the ALT and MAGT is based on an approximate analytical solution that includes freezing/thawing processes and provides an estimation of thermal offset due to the difference in frozen and thawed soil thermal properties (Kudryavtsev, et al., 1974). It uses the idea of applying the Fourier temperature wave propagation theory to a medium with phase transitions, such as freezing/thawing ground. Application of this approach resulted in the discovery of the thermal offset and an understanding of the laws that govern the dynamics of the ground thermal regime. These discoveries led to an understanding of the effects that the thermal properties of the ground have upon the MAGTs and ALT, and how periodically (seasonally) varying climatic parameters affect permafrost dynamics. The output parameters of this method are given as annual averages.

Product Links

Product Keywords

  • ISO 19115 Topic Category (isoTopicCategory):
    • environment
  • Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords (project):
    • LANDSCAPE PROCESSES,
    • SOIL TEMPERATURE,
    • PERMAFROST,
    • LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY,
    • WETLANDS,
    • DYNAMIC VEGETATION/ECOSYSTEM MODELS,
    • LAND COVER
  • End User Types - Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCC End User Type):
    • Federal resource managers,
    • Academics & scientific researchers,
    • Interested public

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