Project: b238ca73-a2bd-4824-9943-779ea26d8db1

Metadata Format
Project Title
Watershed control of hydrologic sources and thermal conditions in SW Alaska streams: a framework for forecasting effects of changing climate
Description
This project will provide an understanding of how precipitation patterns interact with watershed topography to control stream water sources and thermal regimes. It will provide a model to help managers strategize for adapting to future warmer climates and to protect the regional aquatic resources.
Point of Contact(s)
LCC Network Data Steward
LCC Network Data Manager
lccdatasteward@fws.gov
Western Alaska Landscape Conservation Cooperative
1011 E. Tudor Road MS 281
Anchorage, Alaska 99503
Western Alaska Landscape Conservation Cooperative
1011 E. Tudor Road MS 281
Anchorage, Alaska 99503
Daniel Schindler
Professor
V: +1 206 6166724
deschind@uw.edu
Karen A Murphy
LCC Coordinator
1011 E. Tudor Road MS 281
Anchorage, Alaska 99503
V: +1 907 7893501
karen_a_murphy@fws.gov

Project Abstract

Western Alaska is one of the fastest warming regions on the globe and recent trends are expected to continue into the next century, likely having substantial effects on the aquatic resources of this region. While increased air temperatures will have direct effects on water temperatures, indirect effects due to changes in precipitation, groundwater characteristics, and flow regimes may have much larger effects on aquatic ecosystems. Coastal watersheds of Western Alaska are expected to receive 25-50% more snow and 18-25% more rain in the next century. Future “climate warming” may actually cool some streams if the ratio of snow to rain increases for coastal watersheds, while rain-dominated streams are likely to become warmer during the open water season. The magnitude of the temperature and hydrologic impact will depend on geomorphology and landscape features specific to individual streams and the model we develop will enable these projections. Given the cultural, economic and ecological importance of aquatic resources in Western Alaska, there is pressing need to develop scenarios of the trajectories and magnitude of climate driven changes to aquatic ecosystems in this region. This research will inform efforts to develop management strategies for adapting to future warmer climates and to protect the aquatic resources of the region. Because so many terrestrial species are dependent on salmon-derived resources in this region, our work will also be important for understanding the future impacts of climate change on species and habitats dependent on the annual influx of marine-derived resources.

Supplemental Info: None Provided.

Project Links

Project Keywords

  • ISO 19115 Topic Category (isoTopicCategory):
    • environment,
    • inlandWaters
  • End User Types - Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCC End User Type):
    • State agencies,
    • Federal resource managers,
    • Academics & scientific researchers
  • Project Category - Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCC Project Category):
    • Decision Support,
    • Vulnerability Assessment,
    • Data Acquisition and Development
  • Deliverable Types - Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCC Deliverable):
    • Report,
    • Publication

Associated Products

ID Title Metadata Link
ba819405-e538-4836-b620-c769d1d0e570 Riding the crimson tide: mobile terrestrial consumers track phenological variation in spawning of an anadromous fish mdJSON ISO 19115-2 HTML
f7e892d2-df75-46df-8845-b9087f3b1645 Watershed Control of Hydrologic Sources and Thermal Conditions in SW Alaska Streams: A Framework for Forecasting Effects of Changing Climate mdJSON ISO 19115-2 HTML
9cf6b80f-452e-422c-8f3b-66a8b7f1a6f5 Association between geomorphic attributes of watersheds, water temperature, and salmon spawn timing in Alaskan streams mdJSON ISO 19115-2 HTML
8408e6b2-4831-4751-bb29-61d19bc80322 Watershed geomorphology and snowmelt control stream thermal sensitivity to air temperature. mdJSON ISO 19115-2 HTML